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Kritimanimalai, English

The English adaptations of the first three volumes of the Kritimanimalai series covering compositions of Sri Tyagaraja and Sri Dikshitar were authored by Sri Ayyangar's daughter-disciple, Smt Padma Varadan. These volumes used a new form of svara notation to take the svara variant representation even into the song notation lines; diacritical markings for correct pronunciation of the Indian words; and a comprehensive set of gamaka markings to reflect the delicate nuances that is so characteristic of Carnatic Music. The gamaka markings introduced in the English adaptations have now been carried down into the recently published, revised editions of Kritimanimalai, Parts I & II in Tamil.

For an overview of concepts and features in the Kritimanimalai series, click here.